How to find pictures of a person
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Updates to the Flickr Android App Latest: 5 hours ago. Embedding photos Latest: 5 minutes ago. On Pinterest, I love to collect and share pictures of fanciful tree houses and whimsical chandeliers. I get the joy that comes from looking at these things without having to own them or buy them, for that matter —and the fun of showing them to friends with just a few clicks. Snapping photos fosters creativity. A friend of mine takes and posts one photograph each day for her Project , and online journal where you document a year of your life with daily snapshots.
The images are beautiful, and the need to find each day's photo keeps her engaged with the world in a creative way. I was inspired by her example, so I embarked on the same challenge for myself. I love the daily hunt for something striking to photograph: a neon sign, an icecream truck, my favorite bookstore. It's a quick, easy way to infuse my daily routine with a creative spirit.
I like to remind myself how easy it is to forget. I'm always trying to figure out ways to hold on to memories. One thing I do is keep a daily one-sentence journal. I don't have the time or energy to write much every day, but I can manage to jot down one sentence. Photographs are another easy way to record little moments that are precious but easily forgotten. In our experiment, semantic processing was accompanied by increased activity in ventromedial and dorsomedial regions of left prefrontal cortex that have shown increased activity during semantic or language processing in other experiments 45 — Intentional learning showed increased rCBF in different parts of left prefrontal cortex, primarily in ventrolateral regions noted before to be active during intentional learning 15 , 16 , and episodic retrieval 13 , Thus, although both semantic processing and intentional learning undoubtedly involve some sort of elaborative processing that preferentially engages left prefrontal cortex, our results show that there is a dissociation between the parts of left prefrontal cortex that are involved in these two strategies.
Extrastriate cortex also showed differential activity during semantic and intentional encoding. Semantic encoding activated posterior extrastriate areas similar to regions activated during silent naming of stimuli like the ones used here In contrast, intentional learning activated more ventral portions of extrastriate cortex, similar to a study that reported activation of left ventral occipitotemporal cortex during intentional learning of faces Thus, there is now converging evidence to support a differential response of both prefrontal and extrastriate cortices during encoding, depending on the specific encoding strategy that is used.
This finding, together with the behavioral evidence, shows that different brain mechanisms underlying different encoding strategies can provide equally effective support for memory processing. A final issue addressed by this experiment is whether there is an interaction between the type of stimulus that is encoded and the strategy used for encoding, i. The behavioral results show a clear interaction in that the performance differences are largest during nonsemantic processing. The brain activity patterns show something of this interaction because there are ventral medial temporal areas where the rCBF difference is also largest during the nonsemantic condition discussed above.
However, during semantic encoding and intentional learning, many brain areas show a similar encoding-related change in activity for pictures and words, indicating that in these areas, these two encoding mechanisms may be operating in the same way regardless of the nature of the incoming stimulus. This pattern of brain activity is reflected in the recognition results, which are similar for pictures and words during semantic encoding and intentional learning.
Nevertheless, the patterns are not identical. Activity in medial temporal cortex appears to be particularly sensitive to both stimulus type and encoding condition.
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The right hemisphere showed sustained activity for pictures and more variable activity for words depending on the encoding condition , whereas the left hemisphere had increasing activity with deeper processing of words and a more variable pattern for encoding of pictures. This asymmetry is consistent with accounts of the differential effects of right vs. It also is consistent with activation of left medial temporal structures during semantic encoding of words 14 , 54 or retrieval of semantically encoded words 17 , and activation of right medial temporal cortex during encoding of faces In addition, although left medial prefrontal cortex is active during semantic processing of both pictures and words, the ventral portion of this area is involved to a greater extent during word encoding.
This finding supports other studies that reported involvement of left ventral prefrontal cortex in language processing 42 and verbal retrieval Our ability to remember pictures better than words, particularly in situations that provide less than adequate support for later retrieval, thus appears to be mediated by medial temporal and extrastriate cortices, which have strong interconnections with one another 55 , Exactly what benefit this activation of visual memory areas provides to pictures is unclear.
The theory mentioned above suggests that pictures induce a more elaborate or associative encoding than occurs with words. If one assumes that this process of making associations in a certain context is carried out by medial temporal cortex 57 , 58 , then our results would provide support for this hypothesis.
Regardless of the specific mechanism, our results indicate which brain regions may be critical for superior picture memory and provide direction for future research on which aspect of pictures is necessary and sufficient for preferential engagement of these memory-related areas.
We thank the staff of the PET Centre at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry for their technical assistance in conducting this experiment. This work was supported by a grant from the Ontario Mental Health Foundation. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail.
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We do not capture any email address. Skip to main content. Neural correlates of the episodic encoding of pictures and words Cheryl L. Grady , Anthony R. McIntosh , M.lavifruits.wecan-group.com/aprendiendo-a-ser-feliz.php
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Natasha Rajah , and Fergus I. Cheryl L. Abstract A striking characteristic of human memory is that pictures are remembered better than words. Figure 1 Voxels shown in color are those that best characterize the patterns of activity identified by LVs 1—3 from the PLS analysis see Materials and Methods. RESULTS Pictures were remembered better than words overall Table 1 , and both semantic processing and intentional learning resulted in better recognition than nonsemantic encoding.
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How to Find Pictures of Someone: 8 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow
Table 2 Selected cortical areas with differential activity during encoding: Main effects. Figure 2 Ratios of rCBF to whole brain CBF in areas of the brain that showed interactions between stimulus type and encoding condition. Table 3 Selected cortical areas with differential activity during encoding: Interactions.
Acknowledgments We thank the staff of the PET Centre at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry for their technical assistance in conducting this experiment. OpenUrl CrossRef. Baddeley A D Psychol Rev 85 : — OpenUrl PubMed. OpenUrl Abstract. Mishkin M Nature London : — , pmid: Squire L R Psychol Rev 99 : — , pmid: Moscovitch M J Cognit Neurosci 4 : — Previous Next.
Back to top. Article Alerts. Email Article. Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on PNAS. You are going to email the following Neural correlates of the episodic encoding of pictures and words.
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Your Personal Message. Send Message. Citation Tools. Neural correlates of the episodic encoding of pictures and words. Natasha Rajah , Fergus I.